Context and objectives
CO2 emissions and waste management: Two critical environmental issues
• Costly and polluting waste
High-mineral content waste and agricultural residues pollute the environment, yet they are difficult to get rid of. Why?
– Recycling is not (yet) possible for many materials
– Incineration of waste has low energy efficiency and requires long distance transportation
– Landfills are reaching maximum capacity and also raise environmental issues
Finding a way to recover these waste products is critical, given their potential economic value and, without recovery, the potential threat they pose to people and the environment.
• High CO2 emissions from industry
Energy-intensive industries are major producers of CO2 emissions. Since the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) came into effect in 2013, these industries must purchase emission allowances or implement complementary solutions to reduce their CO2 emissions.
A 50% substitution of fossil fuels by renewable syngas in the European glass industry would reduce CO2 emissions by 5.8 million tons per year. Similarly, a 70% substitution in the European tiles and bricks industry would reduce CO2 emissions by 13.1 million tons per year.
Small-scale bio-waste gasification: “Killing two birds with one stone.”
Small-scale gasification can transform contaminated biomass and waste into locally produced renewable syngas, suited for fossil fuel substitution in energy-intensive industries.
How it works:
Objectives of the LIFE OxyUP Project
The three main project objectives are:
Increase unit size and validate the resulting OXY4000, a 4MW oxy-gasification unit (with an output of 4MW syngas).
Optimize the gas combustion conditions and maximize the fossil fuel substitution rate in the brick making and glass packaging industries.
Validate the effective gasification of various sources of bio-waste on a specifically designed “FLEXI” demonstrator unit. Three kinds of waste water treatment plant sludge and three kinds of agricultural waste are planned for testing.